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Reduced relative clause Exercises

( Free Online English Grammar Lessons )

Read time : 1 minute

In English, when a defining relative clause contains a continuous or passive verb form, we can often leave out who, that or which and the auxiliary. These are called reduced relative clauses and are very common in spoken English.

Example sentences :

  • Everyone (who is) working in this office suffers from some kind of back pain.
  • The trilogy (that was) written by Stieg Larsson has been made into a film.
  • Who is the girl (who is) sitting next to your brother?
  • Yesterday I read a book (which was) written by Hemingway.
  • Please book all the tickets (that are) available.

Reduced relative clause example sentences
There are oven-mitts hanging on the wall.
Also, in London we have digital time tables showing when buses are coming.
Then I saw your bag sitting on the chair by itself.
I know some people working there, too.
Basically, it's a boy size robot, thinking it's not a robot.
Hang on a sec, there is another couple living upstairs.
It was definitely not me arranging the time!
They are all English teachers working at the same school.
It's the first time I've heard of someone wanting cubed mushrooms.


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Be going to
Be going to passive
Be used to / Get used to
Defining relative clause
Echo tag
First conditional
Future continuous
Future perfect continuous
Future perfect passive
Future perfect simple
Future simple passive
Have/Get something done
Implied conditional
Indirect question
Infinitive of purpose
Mixed conditional
Modal passive
Non-defining relative clause
Past continuous
Past continuous passive
Past perfect continuous
Past perfect passive
Past perfect simple
Past simple
Past simple passive
Polite request / offer / suggestion
Present continuous
Present continuous passive
Present perfect continuous
Present perfect passive
Present perfect simple
Present simple
Present simple passive
Question tag
Reduced relative clause
Reported speech imperative
Reported speech question
Reported speech request
Reported speech statement
Second conditional
Short answer
Third conditional
Used to / would (past habit)
Was/were going to
Was/were supposed to
Would rather
Zero conditional