English
German
Spanish
French
Italian
Japanese
Portuguese
Russian
Turkish
Chinese
Arabic
Korean
Hindi

Be going to

( Free Online English Grammar Lessons )

Read time : 2 minutes

To be + going to + infinitive (verb 1)

We use 'be going to' to talk about:

  • personal plans or intentions
  • predictions based on present evidence

We change the form of 'be' according to the subject.

The table below shows the different forms :

Example verb : runIYou / We / TheyHe / She / It
PositiveI'm going to run ......'re going to run ......'s) going to run ...
NegativeI'm not going to run ...... aren't going to run ...... isn't going to run ...
QuestionsAm I going to run ...?Are ... going to run ...?Is ... going to run ...?
Short answers

Yes, I am. /

No, I'm not.

Yes, ... are. /

No, ... aren't.

Yes, ... is. /

No, ... isn't.

Example sentences :

Positives :

  • I'm going to work harder. 
  • We're going to have a holiday next year.
  • He's going to lose ten kilos.
  • John's going to quit smoking.
  • Look at those clouds. It's going to rain. 

Negatives : 

  • I'm not going to see you this weekend.
  • You aren't going to play football tonight.
  • They aren't going to come to the party.
  • It isn't going to rain.

Questions :

  • What am I going to do?
  • Where are you going to live next year?
  • When is he going to arrive?
  • Which movie are you going to see?
  • Are you going to Brighton next week?
  • Is it going to snow tomorrow?

Note :

When we use 'be going to' with the infinitive 'go', we can leave out "to go" and still have the same meaning.

Examples:

  • I'm going to go to Japan. = I'm going to Japan.
  • I'm going to go shopping on Saturday. = I'm going shopping on Saturday.
  • They aren't going to go to the party tonight. = They aren't going to the party tonight. 


Be going to
Be going to passive
Be used to / Get used to
Comparative
Defining relative clause
Echo tag
Expression
First conditional
Future
Future continuous
Future perfect continuous
Future perfect passive
Future perfect simple
Future simple passive
Greeting
Have/Get something done
Imperative
Implied conditional
Indirect question
Infinitive of purpose
Interjection
Mixed conditional
Modal
Modal passive
Non-defining relative clause
Other
Past continuous
Past continuous passive
Past perfect continuous
Past perfect passive
Past perfect simple
Past simple
Past simple passive
Polite request / offer / suggestion
Present continuous
Present continuous passive
Present perfect continuous
Present perfect passive
Present perfect simple
Present simple
Present simple passive
Question tag
Reduced relative clause
Reported speech imperative
Reported speech question
Reported speech request
Reported speech statement
Second conditional
Short answer
Superlative
Third conditional
Used to / would (past habit)
Was/were going to
Was/were supposed to
Wish
Would rather
Zero conditional