English

Present simple

( Free Online English Grammar Lessons )

Read time : 2 minutes

Present Simple Form : (Base form (verb 1 ) )

In English we use the present simple tense to talk about facts or things that are always true, as well as things in general. Present simple is also used to talk about a repeated action such as a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens.

In English we use 'do' and 'does' as auxiliary verbs in negatives and questions and we often use the present simple with adverbs of frequency such as sometimes, always, often, never, usually, rarely, and hardly ever.

Notes for use of present simple :

In the third person, ‘s’ is added to the verb form. For example;

work --> works

run --> runs

live --> lives

For verbs that end in 'o', 'sh', 'ch', 's' and 'x', we add 'es' to the verb form. For example;

go --> goes

wish --> wishes

watch --> watches

kiss --> kisses

fax --> faxes

For verbs that end in a consonant + 'y', we change the 'y' to 'i' and add 'es'. For example;

try --> tries

study --> studies

The table below shows the different forms of present simple :

Example Verb : Work
I / You  / We / They
He / She / It
Positive... work.... works.
Negative... don't work.... doesn't work.

Questions

Do ... work?Does ... work?
Short answersYes, ... do. / No, ... don't.Yes, ... does. / No, ... doesn't.


For the verb 'to be' we use 'am', 'is', 'are' in the present simple. No auxiliary verbs are used in negative sentences and questions.


Verb: Be
I
You / We / They
He / She / It
PositiveI'm ...... 're ...... 's ...
NegativeI'm not ...... aren't ...... isn't ...
QuestionsAm I ... ?Are ... ...?Is ... ...?
Short answersYes, I am. / No, I'm not.Yes, ... are. / No, ... aren't.Yes, ... is. / No, ... isn't.

Present Simple Example Sentences :

Positive Examples of Present Simple :

  • She plays tennis on Saturdays.
  • They often eat out in Soho.
  • The train leaves at 9.00am.
  • My name is Mike.
  • I am 24 years old.

Negative Examples of Present Simple :

  • I don’t work at weekends.
  • He doesn’t go out on Fridays.
  • We don’t live in the city centre.
  • She isn't hungry.
  • You aren't late.

Question Examples of Present Simple :

  • Do you eat three meals per day?
  • Does he have a car?
  • Do they live in London? 
  • Is your cat OK?
  • What's wrong with him?

Present simple example sentences
I don't think we need to pay for it.
Yeah, I guess spring is the worst time for allergies!
I guess so, but I want to finish seeing all the houses today.
Okay, who sings it?
Good thanks, I'm fine, too.
I prefer red onions.
Of course, here you go, this is the bathroom.
Shall we meet at the train station, or do you want me to pick you up from your house?
We call it a sixth sense!
I like the seafood restaurants there.
What genre do you listen to?
Dear, who is it?
They're there, under the duvet.
I'm just teasing you, dear, 200 degrees is okay!
What's the reason for the cancellation this time?
Did you check carefully, don't we have any at all?
Then, I don't think we need to see the next one!
Oh god, I feel too tired now.
No, this one is the shop's own brand, that's why it's not expensive.
But we have to be quick, I don't have much time.


Be going to
Be going to passive
Be used to / Get used to
Comparative
Defining relative clause
Echo tag
Expression
First conditional
Future
Future continuous
Future perfect continuous
Future perfect passive
Future perfect simple
Future simple passive
Greeting
Have/Get something done
Imperative
Implied conditional
Indirect question
Infinitive of purpose
Interjection
Mixed conditional
Modal
Modal passive
Non-defining relative clause
Other
Past continuous
Past continuous passive
Past perfect continuous
Past perfect passive
Past perfect simple
Past simple
Past simple passive
Polite request / offer / suggestion
Present continuous
Present continuous passive
Present perfect continuous
Present perfect passive
Present perfect simple
Present simple
Present simple passive
Question tag
Reduced relative clause
Reported speech imperative
Reported speech question
Reported speech request
Reported speech statement
Second conditional
Short answer
Superlative
Third conditional
Used to / would (past habit)
Was/were going to
Was/were supposed to
Wish
Would rather
Zero conditional