English

Present simple

( Free Online English Grammar Lessons )

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Present Simple Form : (Base form (verb 1 ) )

In English we use the present simple tense to talk about facts or things that are always true, as well as things in general. Present simple is also used to talk about a repeated action such as a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens.

In English we use 'do' and 'does' as auxiliary verbs in negatives and questions and we often use the present simple with adverbs of frequency such as sometimes, always, often, never, usually, rarely, and hardly ever.

Notes for use of present simple :

In the third person, ‘s’ is added to the verb form. For example;

work --> works

run --> runs

live --> lives

For verbs that end in 'o', 'sh', 'ch', 's' and 'x', we add 'es' to the verb form. For example;

go --> goes

wish --> wishes

watch --> watches

kiss --> kisses

fax --> faxes

For verbs that end in a consonant + 'y', we change the 'y' to 'i' and add 'es'. For example;

try --> tries

study --> studies

The table below shows the different forms of present simple :

Example Verb : Work
I / You  / We / They
He / She / It
Positive... work.... works.
Negative... don't work.... doesn't work.

Questions

Do ... work?Does ... work?
Short answersYes, ... do. / No, ... don't.Yes, ... does. / No, ... doesn't.


For the verb 'to be' we use 'am', 'is', 'are' in the present simple. No auxiliary verbs are used in negative sentences and questions.


Verb: Be
I
You / We / They
He / She / It
PositiveI'm ...... 're ...... 's ...
NegativeI'm not ...... aren't ...... isn't ...
QuestionsAm I ... ?Are ... ...?Is ... ...?
Short answersYes, I am. / No, I'm not.Yes, ... are. / No, ... aren't.Yes, ... is. / No, ... isn't.

Present Simple Example Sentences :

Positive Examples of Present Simple :

  • She plays tennis on Saturdays.
  • They often eat out in Soho.
  • The train leaves at 9.00am.
  • My name is Mike.
  • I am 24 years old.

Negative Examples of Present Simple :

  • I don’t work at weekends.
  • He doesn’t go out on Fridays.
  • We don’t live in the city centre.
  • She isn't hungry.
  • You aren't late.

Question Examples of Present Simple :

  • Do you eat three meals per day?
  • Does he have a car?
  • Do they live in London? 
  • Is your cat OK?
  • What's wrong with him?

Present simple example sentences
Erm... I know I snore occasionally, do I snore everyday?
That's fine, I'm almost ready.
Let me check... when is best for you?
Huh, it's quite good money!
Umm, oh yes, I can see it now, the ad number is 9845...
Well, I hope he doesn't keep on pooping all around the house!
How do you want me to chop the onions, big or small?
Yes, sorry, everything seems filthy, but believe me, it's not my fault!
Hello, I'm sorry I'm a bit late.
Do you need to wake up early tomorrow or something?
The recipe is for 6 people.
Okay, here we are, this is Honeybrook Street.
Bear is okay with cats, but definitely not with dogs.
That's why you have a headache now!
Sorry, I don't have much time, can I tell you the story when I'm back?
How is your mum, does she have any health problems?
Thank you, see you there on Saturday at 13:00.
It won't change anything, but reminding me is stressing me out!
Anyway, do you live around here, too?
He only does it when he is extremely stressed!


Be going to
Be going to passive
Be used to / Get used to
Comparative
Defining relative clause
Echo tag
Expression
First conditional
Future
Future continuous
Future perfect continuous
Future perfect passive
Future perfect simple
Future simple passive
Greeting
Have/Get something done
Imperative
Implied conditional
Indirect question
Infinitive of purpose
Interjection
Mixed conditional
Modal
Modal passive
Non-defining relative clause
Other
Past continuous
Past continuous passive
Past perfect continuous
Past perfect passive
Past perfect simple
Past simple
Past simple passive
Polite request / offer / suggestion
Present continuous
Present continuous passive
Present perfect continuous
Present perfect passive
Present perfect simple
Present simple
Present simple passive
Question tag
Reduced relative clause
Reported speech imperative
Reported speech question
Reported speech request
Reported speech statement
Second conditional
Short answer
Superlative
Third conditional
Used to / would (past habit)
Was/were going to
Was/were supposed to
Wish
Would rather
Zero conditional