English
German
Spanish
French
Italian
Japanese
Portuguese
Russian
Turkish
Chinese
Arabic
Korean
Hindi

Present simple

( Free Online English Grammar Lessons )

Read time : 2 minutes

Present Simple Form : (Base form (verb 1 ) )

In English we use the present simple tense to talk about facts or things that are always true, as well as things in general. Present simple is also used to talk about a repeated action such as a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens.

In English we use 'do' and 'does' as auxiliary verbs in negatives and questions and we often use the present simple with adverbs of frequency such as sometimes, always, often, never, usually, rarely, and hardly ever.

Notes for use of present simple :

In the third person, ‘s’ is added to the verb form. For example;

work --> works

run --> runs

live --> lives

For verbs that end in 'o', 'sh', 'ch', 's' and 'x', we add 'es' to the verb form. For example;

go --> goes

wish --> wishes

watch --> watches

kiss --> kisses

fax --> faxes

For verbs that end in a consonant + 'y', we change the 'y' to 'i' and add 'es'. For example;

try --> tries

study --> studies

The table below shows the different forms of present simple :

Example Verb : Work
I / You  / We / They
He / She / It
Positive... work.... works.
Negative... don't work.... doesn't work.

Questions

Do ... work?Does ... work?
Short answersYes, ... do. / No, ... don't.Yes, ... does. / No, ... doesn't.


For the verb 'to be' we use 'am', 'is', 'are' in the present simple. No auxiliary verbs are used in negative sentences and questions.


Verb: Be
I
You / We / They
He / She / It
PositiveI'm ...... 're ...... 's ...
NegativeI'm not ...... aren't ...... isn't ...
QuestionsAm I ... ?Are ... ...?Is ... ...?
Short answersYes, I am. / No, I'm not.Yes, ... are. / No, ... aren't.Yes, ... is. / No, ... isn't.

Present Simple Example Sentences :

Positive Examples of Present Simple :

  • She plays tennis on Saturdays.
  • They often eat out in Soho.
  • The train leaves at 9.00am.
  • My name is Mike.
  • I am 24 years old.

Negative Examples of Present Simple :

  • I don’t work at weekends.
  • He doesn’t go out on Fridays.
  • We don’t live in the city centre.
  • She isn't hungry.
  • You aren't late.

Question Examples of Present Simple :

  • Do you eat three meals per day?
  • Does he have a car?
  • Do they live in London? 
  • Is your cat OK?
  • What's wrong with him?

Present simple example sentences
What's wrong with him?
Maybe they prefer electric stoves in shared houses for safety reasons.
Do you expect me to make the room bigger by pushing the walls out?
Okay, here we are, this is Honeybrook Street.
That's nice, I like the music and the lyrics.
Yes, of course I remember.
In these cases, Pogo stays home alone with no food and no attention.
I hope they are going to be here on time, too... I don't like waiting.
You're right, but he is not only here to fix things...
Eating leftovers during the week saves me some time.
But sometimes I feel guilty not being there!
You know tomorrow is my last day.
They are both okay for me.
I hate taking long flights!
What's the reason for the cancellation this time?
People take cutlery to their rooms and don't bring it back!
But for how many people?
Thank you very much!
Is there anything else you want me to do?
It's not a big deal but it's quite an important thing to mention.


There are no comments yet. Be the first one...
Be going to
Be going to passive
Be used to / Get used to
Comparative
Defining relative clause
Echo tag
Expression
First conditional
Future
Future continuous
Future perfect continuous
Future perfect passive
Future perfect simple
Future simple passive
Greeting
Have/Get something done
Imperative
Implied conditional
Indirect question
Infinitive of purpose
Interjection
Mixed conditional
Modal
Modal passive
Non-defining relative clause
Other
Past continuous
Past continuous passive
Past perfect continuous
Past perfect passive
Past perfect simple
Past simple
Past simple passive
Polite request / offer / suggestion
Present continuous
Present continuous passive
Present perfect continuous
Present perfect passive
Present perfect simple
Present simple
Present simple passive
Question tag
Reduced relative clause
Reported speech imperative
Reported speech question
Reported speech request
Reported speech statement
Second conditional
Short answer
Superlative
Third conditional
Used to / would (past habit)
Was/were going to
Was/were supposed to
Wish
Would rather
Zero conditional